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1.0 Infectious Diseases

  • Bird Flu
    There are periods that it gets to Vietnam, but when it is there eggs and poultry are banned from the menu. It is not fatal for humans. 
  • Chikungunya
    Mosquitoes transfer this during the day by biting. It causes fever, rashes and joint pain. There is no cure, but the symptoms will be less after a week. Take paracetamol (not aspire) for the pain. 
  • Dengue
    Transferred by mosquitoes in tropical areas. The symptoms are high fever, vomiting, headache, muscle and joint pains, and a characteristic skin rash. You notice them after three to fourteen days after infection. There is no cure so rest and take paracetamol (not aspirine) 
  • Hepatitis A
    Is a highly contagious liver infection. You can get infected from contaminated food or water or from close contact with a object or person that’s infected. The symptoms are nausea, vomiting, pain and discomfort below your ribs, dark urine, joint pain, yellow skin or eyes, intense itching, low-grade fever, fatigue and loss of appetite. There is no cure, you just need to rest to let your liver heal. 
  • Hepatitis B
    It infects the liver and can get chronicle. It is spread through blood contact and body fluids with an infected person. People usually do not notice if they are infected since there are no symptoms beside the flu. Be aware with sex, needles, tattoo & piercings with tools that weren’t sterilized, personal items such as toothbrushes. 
  • HIV
    This virus destroys a type of white blood cell in the immune system and makes copies of itself. The exact numbers of people with HIV/AIDS in Vietnam is hard to tell. It is a big problem in Vietnam and found everywhere in the country. Most people with HIV/AIDS are prostitutes and drug users. Test yourself frequently on HIV because the sooner you treat it, the better. 
  • Japanese B Encephalitis
    Spread through mosquito bites. The symptoms are fever, headache, confusion, vomiting and difficult moving. They will be shown after 5-15 days. It is rare in Vietnam, but vaccination is recommended since it can cause dead. 
  • Malaria
    Gets transmitted by a parasite bite or an infected mosquito. The symptoms are fever, headache, cough, diarrhoea and chills. Malaria can be fatal, but the risk to get it in Vietnam is low. To be sure, carry a treatment dose if you notice symptoms. 
  • Measles
    Is a highly contagious respiratory infection that’s caused by a virus. The symptoms are a total-body skin rash, fever, cough and running nose. It is still a problem in Vietnam, especially around Hanoi. There is no cure. 
  • Rabies
    A lick or bite from an infected animal can be fatal. If you get bitten by an animal, go directly to a doctor and start a treatment. 
  • Schistosomiasis
    Caused by parasites. They will enter your skin after swimming in contaminated water. The symptoms can be fever, coughing, muscle ache, chills and itchy skin, but they are not necessary. It is easy to cure with medicine, but if you wait to long it can cause serious health problems.  
  • STDs
    For travelers something to think about. You can get condoms everywhere and it is recommended to use them. If you feel something different after sexual contact, see a doctor. Think about lumps, pain when urinating, discharge or any rash. 
  • Tuberculosis
    Is caused by a bacteria. It is spread through the air when a person with tuberculosis coughs, sneezes or talks. Only medical & aid workers and long term travelers that are often in contact with locals should consider pre-care. If you are sensitive for tuberculosis, talk with your doctor for advice. The symptoms are fever, night sweats, tiredness, weight loss and cough. 
  • Typhoid
    This bacteria is caused by the bacteria Salmonella Typhi and is spread via water and food. The symptoms are weakness, vomiting, abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea and headache. The only treatment for typhoid is antibiotics. 
  • Typhus
    Mites, fleas, lice or ticks transmit it when they bite you. The symptoms are headache, fever, chills and rach. Typhus is mostly treated with antibiotics. This disease is rare in Vietnam. Zika
    Three quarters of people who are infected have no symptoms. If there are symptoms it feels like a flu with higher temperatures, muscle and head pain. The symptoms can last for 2-7 days and the time between getting infected and getting sick varies from 2 to 12 days. Getting infected with the Zika virus can lead to an increased risk of abnormalities in the unborn child.